Surgical sterilization of the female dog, commonly referred to as dog spaying, is one of the most significant aspects of female dog care an owner can provide. The benefits to the dog FAR outweigh simply not having puppies, although pet overpopulation is a problem and it is important to be part of the solution.
Spaying involves removal of the uterus and ovaries. It is a major abdominal surgery, but also a commonly performed one and is ideally conducted prior to the female dog’s first heat cycle.
WHY FEMALE DOGS SHOULD BE SPAYED
Mammary Cancer Prevention: A female dog spayed before her first heat will have a near zero chance of developing mammary cancer. After the first heat the incidence increases to 7% and after the second heat the risk is 25%!
Pyometra Prevention: Pyometra is a life-threatening infection of the uterus that generally occurs in middle-aged to older female dogs. The uterus can swell with pus and dying tissue and without treatment the dog will die. This is an extremely common disease of unspayed female dogs.
Convenience: The female dog comes into heat every 8 months or so. There is a bloody vaginal discharge and local male dogs are attracted. Often there is also an unpleasant odor that accompanies this.
Please call us at the St. Francis 24 Hr. Animal Hospital if you have any questions about spaying your female dog. We would be happy to discuss the procedure or make an appointment to have your dog spayed.